2012年12月07日

Why are young people not interested in the news?





高校生の世代が 「新聞を読まない」 「勉強不足と知識の欠落」 と上の世代から不評を買っているのは日本だけではないらしい

家に帰るなり 部屋に閉じこもってPCにむかい face book やゲームに興じるのは世界的現象のようだ

筆者は 彼らの世代のことを 「超バカ世代」( "The Dumbest Generation")と揶揄するが はたして筆者の世代は賢明だったのか

どの世代にも世界の動きに無関心で新聞を読まず勉強嫌いはいたのではないだろうか

読売 など読んでたら余計に偏向思考でバカになりそう というジョニーの意見は置いといて笑

一日中 テレビにかじりついて親の言うことを聞かなかった子供たちはいつの時代になってもかならずいた

筆者の提案する、子供たちが勉強するようになる秘策 は情けない

たとえば・・

すべての電子機器を取り上げ FACEBOOK やゲームをさせない

あるいは

彼女ができて 彼女の家に招かれたときに勉強していないと 彼女の父と世間話さえ出来ないから


というもの



まともな新聞を読んだり 勉強をする理由は 自身の基本的な人権を守ることが最終の、そしていちばん大切な目的と考えるがいかがでしょ

だが たいていの人は このことが理解できるときには すでに手遅れの事態に追い込まれていることが多い

勉強はしておくべきだ
将来の生活設計の実現にも 勉強は有効だ

日本でも海外でも、資格やスキルのない人が真っ先にリストラされているのだ




(以下引用)




Why are young people not interested in the news?

Mark Bauerlein thinks he knows. Bauerlein is an Emory University English professor and author of the Book "The Dumbest Generation." This provocatively titled tome charts how young people aren't interested in reading or learning period, whether it's to scan news headlines or to crack open "The Canterbury Tales."

Bauerlein's argument is borne out by statistics, and the numbers are grim. A Pew Research Center survey found that people age 18-34 are consistently less knowledgeable about current events than their elders. On a current events quiz, young adults averaged 5.9 correct answers out of 12 questions, fewer than the averages for Americans ages 35 to 49 (7.8) and above age 50 (8.4).

The survey found that the knowledge gap was widest on foreign affairs. Only about half (52 percent) of those younger than 35 knew that Pakistan and Afghanistan share a border, compared with 71 percent of those ages 35 to 49, and 80 percent of those 50 and older.

Bauerlein says young people are in the thrall of Facebook, texting and other digital distractions that keep them from learning about anything more meaningful than, say, who went with whom to the school dance.

"What do 15-year-olds care about? They care about what all the other 15-year-olds are doing," Bauerlein says. "Anything that puts them in touch with one another they're going to use."

"Now when little Billy acts up and his parents say go to your room, Billy goes to his room and he's got the laptop, the video game console, everything. Kids can conduct their social life anywhere," he adds.

And when it comes to the news, "Who cares about some guys over in England jockeying over who's going to run the government there when kids can talk about what happened at the party last weekend?"

Bauerlein hastens to add that he's not a luddite. But he says the digital age has changed something fundamental about the family structure, and the result is that young people are less closely under the guidance of adults than ever before.

"Now they can tune out adult voices all the way through adolescence," he says. "This has never happened before in human history."

Left unchecked, these developments could result in a new age dark of ignorance, Bauerlein warns, or as a blurb for his book puts it, "Sacrificing our future to the least curious and intellectual generation in national history."

Change must come from parents and teachers, Bauerlien says. "Parents have to learn to be more vigilant," he says. "It's amazing how many parents don't even know their kids have a Facebook account. They don't know how intense the media environment is for a 13-year-old.

"You need to disconnect kids from each other for some critical hours of the day," he adds. "You need a critical balance where you are exposing kids to realities that transcend their world."

And if that doesn't work, Bauerlein advises trying self-interest.

"I give speeches to 18-year-old boys who don't read the paper and I say, 'You're in college and just met the girl of your dreams. She takes you home to meet her parents. Over the dinner table her father says something about Ronald Reagan, and you don't know who he was. Guess what? You just went down in their estimation and probably in your girlfriend's estimation as well. Is that what you want?'"

Bauerlein tells students that "reading the paper gives you more breadth of knowledge. it means you can say something about the First Amendment. It means you know what the Supreme Court is.

"I tell them, 'If you don't read the paper you're less of a citizen. If you don't read a paper you're not a good American.'"

http://journalism.about.com/od/trends/a/Author-Says-Tools-Of-The-Digital-Age-Distract-Young-People-From-Reading-The-News.htm



provocative trying to get strong reaction

tome long heavy book

grim very serious

are in the thrall of very much interested in

adolescence the time period between puberty and adulthood

blurb copy on a book jacket ,short descripution


transcend exceed











posted by 美容外科医ジョニー Plastic Surgeon Johnny at 16:56| 東京 ☀| Comment(0) | ENGLISH | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする

2012年12月02日

Married in God's eyes? 法的に結婚していないと 結婚とはいわないのか







アメリカで結婚する場合は4段階の手続きを踏んでゆく

1.マリッジライセンス取得
   ↓
2.結婚
   ↓
3.届出(マリッジサーティフィケート/結婚証明書取得)
   ↓
4.戸籍の変更

ラスベガスは いつも全米から押し寄せる、結婚式の順番待ちの新婚カップルで溢れている

当地が1から3 まで安価で、しかっも一両日で終わってしまうからだが



今回の投稿主は 真面目な若い女性
結婚生活1年ちょっと の若いカップルに降りかかった悩みとは・・・

marriage license マリッジライセンスを取得してないこと



夫は 自分たちは「法的に結婚していないのだから」 結婚していない と主張

妻(投稿主)は 「教会で 縁者や友人たちみんなのまえで結婚式を挙げ 神のまえに 永遠の愛を誓ったのだから」結婚している

と考えており 夫婦のどちらの意見が正しいのか アドバイスを求めるネットの掲示板に投稿したもの 

投稿へのいちばん 妥当な回答は krittengirlさんの・・

政府とではなく あなたがた夫婦は神の前で結婚の宣誓をしたのだから あなたがたは夫婦よ!



ほかにも 結婚でいま話題になっているのは 同性婚

ジョニーは 同性婚の合法化を支持する

これにより 遺産相続 離婚における財産の分与 などに 異性間の婚姻と同等の権利と義務が生じるのは自由平等の原則に照らしあわせても フェアと考えるからだ

同性婚への反対論者の、その理由がふるっている

こんなの認めてたら 多重婚や異種間 サルとヒト イヌとヒト との結婚の合法化までいくのではないか

というもの

屁理屈とは こんなものをいうのだろう





(以下引用)




Married in God's eyes?
Asked Apr 17, 2007, 11:00 AM − 9 Answers

I have a serious question that I need help with. Me and my husband were married last year and we sent our marriage license off. Well, it turned out that our license was lost and they could do nothing about it. We never got another one. Well, here we are today and still no license. I feel that even though I am not legally married I was and am married in God's eyes... My husband don't feel the same way... He says that in order to be married you need to be legal. But I feel we had a beautiful wedding in front of God, family and friends and I feel that I am married. He really doesn't see himself as married even though we got married in the church and he is too keen on getting another license. My question would be to anyone that could help... Are we married in God's eyes even though we are not legal? Is it so wrong for me to know and feel that I am married even though it isn't legal? In God's eyes... Are we married? PLEASE HELP! Thanks.



krittengirl Posts:

Marriage is a covenant between a man a woman and God, not the state. Yes in order for legal purposes you need to get the licence, but definitely in God's eye's you are husband and wife. Think of it this way If you lived in a foreign country or were marooned on an island would that mean it would be impossible for you to ever get married? Of course not. Marriage licences are a product of our society. They have not always been around. Now if you or your husband were to refuse to get the licence, I would question the commitment, but otherwise you can be at peace with yourself and the situation.


http://www.askmehelpdesk.com/marriage/married-gods-eyes-83558.html



Gay Marriage ProCon.org
Proponents argue that same-sex couples should have access to the same marriage benefits and public acknowledgment enjoyed by heterosexual couples and that prohibiting gay marriage is unconstitutional discrimination.


Opponents argue that altering the traditional definition of marriage as between a man and a woman will further weaken a threatened institution and that legalizing gay marriage is a slippery slope that may lead to polygamous and interspecies marriages.



Secular Marriage


Example secular wedding vows

I Serena/Casey, take you, Casey/Serena to be my husband/wife, my constant friend and partner, and my love.

I will work to create a bond of honesty, respect, and trust; one that withstands the tides of time and change, and grows along with us.

I vow to honor and respect you for all that you are and will become, taking pride in who we are, both separately and together.

I promise to challenge you, and to accept challenges from you.

I will join with you and our community in an ongoing struggle to create a world we all want to live in, where love and friendship will be recognized and celebrated in all their many forms.

Our home will be a sanctuary and a respite for us and for those whom we cherish.

Above all, I will give you my love freely and unconditionally.

I pledge this to you from the bottom of my heart, for all the days of our lives.

http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:HraNDefNAAIJ:weddings.about.com/od/yourweddingceremony/a/weddingceremony.htm+&cd=1&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=jp


institution any structure or mechanism of social order and cooperation governing the behavior of a set of individuals within a given community

Secular without religion

respite short interval of rest or relief









posted by 美容外科医ジョニー Plastic Surgeon Johnny at 12:52| 東京 ☀| Comment(0) | ENGLISH | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする

2012年10月24日

UN urges protection for elderly as world grays 







UN urges protection for elderly as world grays 

国連はシルバー世代を保護しろ というけれど・・



この記事を書いた記者によれば


成田空港に到着してすぐに気付いたのは、『清掃の人々に高齢者が多いということだった』という

ジョニーはひんぱんに成田空港を訪れるが、そんな老齢者たちの清掃集団を目撃したことはない

この筆者ははじめから やや強引に世界第3位の経済大国、日本を先入観で見ているような気がするのだが・・


それはともかく 日本が世界で初めて ものすごい早さで高齢化社会を迎えている というのは本当だ

第二次世界大戦後のベビーブーマーであり団塊の世代の人々が、戦後の高度成長をもたらし、今度は日本の超高齢化社会という大きな新しい時代を切り開こうとしているのだ

いかにして これらの人たちを遇するか というのは日本に課せられた最大の難問のうちの一つだろう


予算には限りある

金銭の余裕を彼らに持たせたいのだが、団塊の世代が20代の人々の就職の機会を奪っている という指摘もある

個人的には 60歳以上の人への予算は削り、その分を 子育て世代と その子供たちに配分してあげたい

若い世代が増えない限り、経済成長率は維持できないし




(以下引用)


UN urges protection for elderly as world grays

TOKYO (AP) − The fast aging of Japanese society is evident as soon as one lands at Tokyo's Narita airport and sees who is doing the cleaning. Young people tend to take such menial jobs in other countries, but here they are often held by workers obviously in the second half-century of their lives.

Having the world's highest percentage of older people is creating unique challenges for Japan, but a report released Monday by the U.N. Population Fund warns that they will not be unique for long. Japan is the only country with 30 percent of its population over 60, but by 2050 more than 60 other countries, from China to Canada to Albania, will be in the same boat.

The report urges governments to summon the political will to protect the elderly and ensure they can age with good health and dignity. Discrimination toward and poverty among the aged are still far too prevalent in many countries, it says, even in the relatively wealthy industrialized nations.

The problem is worse for women, whose access to jobs and health care is often limited throughout their lives, along with their rights to own and inherit property.

"More must be done to expose, investigate and prevent discrimination, abuse and violence against older persons, especially women who are more vulnerable," the report says, calling on countries to "ensure that aging is a time of opportunity for all."

"We need bold political leadership," said Babatunde Osotimehin, executive director of the Population Fund. "Aging is manageable, but first it must be managed."

In some countries, such as Latvia and Cyprus, about half of those over 60 are living in poverty. And even in highly industrialized countries such as Japan the elderly struggle to get some services.

Hisako Tsukida, a 77-year-old retired elementary school teacher in Japan's ancient capital of Kyoto, is living what sounds like a dream retirement life, taking tai chi and flower arrangement lessons and visiting a fitness center for spa treatments and muscle training.

But her current leisure followed many years of caring for her ailing husband and then for her mother. Japan's elderly often take on enormous burdens in caring for older relatives at home.

Tsukida spent years trying to find a nursing home for her mother, now 100, and finally succeeded about six months ago after a rare vacancy opened up. But now she wonders about the time when she'll have to go through the same struggle for herself.
"I wonder if I could do this again when I'm even older and need to find myself a place to go," she said.

The U.N. report said that policy discussions of all kinds must include a consideration of problems facing the aging if mankind is to reap a "longevity benefit" from people's longer life expectancies.

Governments should build safety nets to ensure older people have income security and access to essential health and social services, it said. The report cited data from the International Labor Organization showing that only about a fifth of all workers get comprehensive social insurance.

Aging is no longer solely an issue for rich countries. About two-thirds of people over 60 years old live in developing countries such as China, and by 2050 that figure is expected to rise to about 80 percent.
One in nine people − 810 million − are 60 or older, a figure projected to rise to one in five − or more than 2 billion − by 2050.

Even Japan, the world's third-largest economy, offers only meager social benefits, though government-subsidized services provide affordable household help and daycare in some areas.

Neighbors and religious groups often help older people, and public facilities have been vastly improved from a few decades ago, with elevators and other handicapped access now the norm.

The discovery earlier this year, though, that an aged couple and their son apparently had starved to death in their home in a Tokyo suburb highlighted Japan's own growing problems with poverty and unemployment.

Growing numbers of people suffering from dementia pose another challenge. About 35.6 million people around the world were afflicted with the disease in 2010, a number growing about 7.7 million a year and costing about $604 billion worldwide.

Provisions must be made for the infirm to ensure their basic human rights, the U.N. report says.

In many countries, including the United States, India, Brazil and Mexico, statistics show the elderly often pay more into pension systems over their lifetimes than they receive in return. Meanwhile, as retirement ages are raised and benefits cut due to ballooning deficits, the elderly are paying proportionately more in taxes.

The report blamed a bias toward youth in mass media, which stereotype aging as a time of decline, for lowering expectations about life for older people. It noted that older people often live highly productive, enjoyable lives if they have good health and reasonable levels of income.

The report's authors also argued against a prevalent belief that older workers should make way for younger job seekers, saying that way of thinking is based on the mistaken idea that there is a finite number of jobs and that workers are perfectly interchangeable.

"More jobs for older people do not mean fewer jobs for younger people," it says.
___
Associated Press Writer Mari Yamaguchi contributed to this report.
___
U.N. Population Fund: http://www.unfpa.org








posted by 美容外科医ジョニー Plastic Surgeon Johnny at 19:21| 東京 ☀| Comment(0) | ENGLISH | このブログの読者になる | 更新情報をチェックする